Biological macromolecules in crowded cellular environments: weak transient interactions have consequences

Date: 
11/16/2018 - 12:00pm to 12:50pm
Location: 
CP-114
Speaker(s) / Presenter(s): 
Michael Feig

Abstract:

Biological macromolecules function in dense, crowded cellular environments.

Early studies of crowding effects have emphasized volume exclusion effects, but it is becoming clear that frequent non-specific interactions between proteins, nucleic acids, and metabolites may be the more important factor in modulating the structure and dynamics of biomolecules. Computer simulation studies at different scales of a series of models ranging from concentrated homogeneous protein solutions to models of bacterial cytoplasms are presented to explore the effects of non-specific quinary protein-protein interactions on protein stability and dynamics.  One focus is on the formation of transient clusters that determine diffusive properties and lead to liquid-liquid phase transitions. The computational results are related to existing experimental data and the challenges and opportunities to expand the current studies to whole-cell modeling in molecular detail are discussed.

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