A model study of sequential enzyme reactions and electrostatic channeling.

TitleA model study of sequential enzyme reactions and electrostatic channeling.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
JournalThe Journal of chemical physics
Volume140
Issue10
Pagination105101
Date Published2014
ISSN0021-9606
Abstract

We study models of two sequential enzyme-catalyzed reactions as a basic functional building block for coupled biochemical networks. We investigate the influence of enzyme distributions and long-range molecular interactions on reaction kinetics, which have been exploited in biological systems to maximize metabolic efficiency and signaling effects. Specifically, we examine how the maximal rate of product generation in a series of sequential reactions is dependent on the enzyme distribution and the electrostatic composition of its participant enzymes and substrates. We find that close proximity between enzymes does not guarantee optimal reaction rates, as the benefit of decreasing enzyme separation is countered by the volume excluded by adjacent enzymes. We further quantify the extent to which the electrostatic potential increases the efficiency of transferring substrate between enzymes, which supports the existence of electrostatic channeling in nature. Here, a major finding is that the role of attractive electrostatic interactions in confining intermediate substrates in the vicinity of the enzymes can contribute more to net reactive throughput than the directional properties of the electrostatic fields. These findings shed light on the interplay of long-range interactions and enzyme distributions in coupled enzyme-catalyzed reactions, and their influence on signaling in biological systems.

URLhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4867286
DOI10.1063/1.4867286
Short TitleJ Chem Phys
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